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Hormonal and surgical treatment for gender dysphoria in young people– beneficial or not?

Hormonal and surgical treatment of gender dysphoria in young people - beneficial or not?


Article published on October 26, 2023 by the team from the University of Tampere, Finland


Sami-Ma Ruuska, MD Well-being Services Cunty of North Savo, Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services in Kuopio, and Tampere University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Technology, Katinka Tuisku, MD, PhD Helsinki University Hospital, Department of Psychiatry

Riittakertu Kaltiala, MD, PhD, BSc Tampere University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Technology, Tampere University Hospital, Department of Adolescent Psychiatry, and Vanha Vaasa Hospital


  • Gender dysphoria refers to anxiety or suffering due to conflict between gender identity and biological sex.

  • Treatments can be divided into medical and surgical. The gold standard for treaGng juveniles, the Dutch model, is based on follow-up research, the quality of which has been challenged.

  • Later evidence of treatment outcomes is likewise inconsistent and the methodology is of poor quality.

  • Based on current knowledge, conclusions cannot be drawn, especially regarding the psychosocial effectiveness of hormonal treatments


Equipe finlandaise Kaltiala 2023
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